FACT: Over the past 40+ years, oncologists have taken a “one size fits all” approach to treating cancer. The only efforts at personalization have been to tailor specific chemotherapies to the original location of the cancer.
FACT: We know that two people with the same cancer diagnosis often times respond differently to the exact same treatments. Researchers have found that the genetic differences in people and their tumors explain many of these different responses to treatment.
FACT: Because each person’s cancer is unique, finding the right treatment can be difficult.
FACT: You may have heard the terms “targeted therapy”, “personalized therapy” or “precision therapy”. These are simply different terms for individualizing cancer treatments. Regardless of what you call it, personalizing your cancer treatment will require some form of advanced genetic and molecular tumor analysis (called molecular profiling).
FACT: Molecular profiling searches for unique genes, proteins and molecules (called cancer biomarkers) that provide information about how your particular cancer functions. This information can help identify potential treatments to guide doctors on which medications are likely to work best for a specific person’s cancer.